[copy and paste to your blog - then answer the questions]

In this section, you are going to write a paragraph. As you write, you are going to learn a process—a way of doing something that makes writing easier. The writing process has five main steps. Choosing a Topic, Planning your Paragraph, Writing the Paragraph, Editing, and Rewriting. When you finish the five steps, you will have a good paragraph.

The writing assignment is to write one paragraph to answer these questions: What is your favorite book? Why is it your favorite?

Writing Strategy

Step A. Choosing a Topic

Often when you write for school, you get to choose your own topic. It’s important to choose carefully. Choose a topic that is easy for you to write about. An easy topic is a topic that:

·         is interesting to you

·         you know well

·         you have information about

STEP A. CHOOSING A TOPIC Here are some possible topics for the writing assignmen. In this case, they are about specific books. Write your answers on the lines. Then add some ideas of your own.

● a book that I have read last summer

 

● a book that I read when I was a child

 

● a book that I am reading right now

 

● a textbook

 

  • other books that I have read:

 

 

 

(Type of book)

 

(Title)

 

 

 

(Type of book)

 

(Title)

 

 

 

(Type of book)

 

(Title)

 

 

 

(Type of book)

 

(Title)

 

 Now answer these questions.

   1.Which book on the previous page is the most interesting for you to write about?

   2. Which book do you know well?

   3. Which book do you have some information about?

   4. Which is your favorite book?

   5, Which book will you choose to write about?

  

Writing Strategy

Step B. Planning Your Paragraph

Planning your paragraph means getting ideas and organizing them. You can get ideas for your paragraph from readings, discussion with others and thinking. As you plan your paragraph, take notes.

There are many ways to organize ideas in a paragraph. You will learn from them here. However, all good paragraphs have a main idea and several supporting ideas –details that support the main idea. When you plan your paragraph, think of your main idea. Then make a list of reasons that support it.

Look at this example of main and supporting ideas about a favorite book.

·         My favorite book is the The History of Xenrovia (main idea)

·         The History of Xenrovia is very well written (detail)

·         The History of Xenrovia has beautiful pictures (detail)

The first sentence is the main idea. It answers the question: What is your favorie book? It’s narrow enough to talk about it in one paragraph. The second and third are details. They give examples of why The History of Xenrovia is the writer’s favorite book.

STEP B. PLANNING YOUR PARAGRAPH Answer these questions.

● What is your favorite book?

 

● What is one reason that this is your favorite book?

 

● What is an example of this reason?

 

● What is one more reason that this is your favorite book?

 

● What is an example of this reason?

 

  

Writing Strategy

Step C. Writing the Paragraph

The next step is to put the sentences that you wrote from your notes into a first draft of your paragraph. A paragraph has a main idea sentence and several sentences that support the main idea. Write complete sentences and connect them with transition words (such as for example or another reason). Indent the first sentence, and end each sentence with a period.

What does the first draft look like? It might be missing some information, it might have some information that is not in a logical order, or it might have some grammar or spelling mistakes.

Look at this example of a first draft:

My favorite book is the History of Xenrovia. It’s my favorite book because it’s very well written. Many history books are boring but The History of Xenrovia includes interesting stories about the important people in the history of the country. The History of Xenrovia also has wonderful pictures. For example there is beautiful photographs of the capital city Xenoville at night and during a rainstorm. Another reason that The History of Xenrovia is my favorite book is that it’s very complete It begins with stories about the first people who lived in the area and it ends with information about life in the country today. I still have many friends in Xenrovia.

As you can see, the first draft is quite good. However, the first sentence in the paragraph is not indented. Also, there are a few grammar and spelling mistakes. (can you find them?) Finally, the last sentences isn’t really necessary.

STEP C. WRITING THE PARAGRAPH Use your notes from STEP B. On a separate page, write complete sentences in paragraph form. You might make some mistakes, but don’t worry about them at this point..

Writing Strategy

Step D. Editing

It is important to check your own work for mistakes before you give it to a teacher. Checking your own work helps you to be an independent writer. You won’t always have a teacher to help you! Editing helps you write better drafts before your teacher even sees your work. For each assignment in this book, you will edit your own work.

When you edit look for:

·         Organization (no unnecessary sentences, correct order of ideas)

·         Form (indentation, margins)

·         spelling

·         grammar

 

STEP D. EDITING Read the paragraph you wrote and answer these questions.

  1. Is the paragraph form correct? Did you indent the first line?

 

  1. Is there a main idea statement about your favorite book?

  

  1. Are there sentences that support your main idea?

 

  1. Are there specific examples for each supporting idea?

 

  1. Are there transition words that connect the sentences?

 

  1. Is thereany information that doesn’t fit?

 

  1. Are there spelling or grammar mistakes?

 

 

Writing Strategy

Step E. Rewriting

After you edit your paragraph, rewrite it. Try to write it without the mistakes. Ask yourself: Do I hav only one main idea? Did i support my main idea? Did I capitalize and punctuate correctly? Is my paragraph free of spelling and grammar mistakes?

Here is an example of a second of the paragraph on the previous page. The mistakes have been corrected.

My favorite book is the History of Xenrovia. It’s my favorite book because it’s very well written. Many history books are boring, but The History of Xenrovia includes interesting stories about the important people in the history of the country. The History of Xenrovia also has wonderful pictures. For example, there are beautiful photographs of the capital city Xenoville at night, and during a rainstorm. Another reason that The History of Xenrovia is my favorite book is that it’s very complete It begins with stories about the first people who lived in the area, and it ends with information about life in the country today.

 

STEP E. REWRITING Use the answers from Step D to help you rewrite your paragraph.

 

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